The first form is Taegeuk II Jang.
The general meaning of this form is Yang, which represents Heaven and Light. Also, this trigram has a relationship to South and Father. The first Taegeuk form is the beginning of all Poomsaes, the "birth" of the martial artist into Taekwondo.
Form 2 is called Taegeuk I Jang.
This poomsae represents the Lake. Also, related to the symbol is South East and the relationship of the youngest daughter. The movements of this Taegeuk/Palgwe are aimed to be performed believing that man has limitations, but that we can overcome these limitations. The Lake and its water symbolize the flowing and calm nature of the martial artist.
Form 3 is called Taegeuk Sam Jang.
This poomsae represents Fire. Related to this symbol is also East and the relationship of the Second Daughter. Fire contains a lot of energy. The symbol behind the fire is similar to the symbolism of the water in that both can aid and both can destroy. This form is intended to be performed rhythmically, with some outbursts of energy to reflect fire's rhythmic and energetic dualism.
Form 4 is called Taegeuk Sa Jang.
There is an emphasis of strong side kicks and powerful blocks. This poomsae represents Thunder. Thunder comes from the sky and is absorbed by the earth, thus, according to the beliefs of the I Ching, thunder is one of the most powerful natural forces. This poomse is associated with power and the connection between the heavens and earth. This poomse is intended to be performed with power resembling the Thunder for which it is named.
Form 5 is called Taegeuk Oh Jang.
This poomsae represents Wind. The I Ching promotes that wind is a gentle force, but can sometimes be furious, destroying everything in its path. As such, it is intended that this poomsae is performed like the wind: gently, but knowing the ability of mass destruction with a single movement. The performer and audience should be aware of the duality of the form.
Form 6 is called Taegeuk Yook Jang.
This poomsae represents Water. Also, there is a relation to West and the relationship with a Second son. The movements of this Poomsae are intended to be performed like water; flowing, powerful and cleansing. Sometimes standing still like water in a lake, sometimes thriving as a river, sometimes powerful like a waterfall.
Form 7 is called Taegeuk Chil Jang.
This poomsae represents a Mountain. Also, it represents the northwest and youngest son. The symbolism behind the mountain is the indomitable and majestic nature that all mountains possess. This Poomsae is intended to be performed with the feeling that all movements are this majestic due to their unconquerable nature.
Form 8 is called Taegeuk Pal Jang.
This poomsae represents the Earth. Also, there is a representation of North and Mother. The associated trigram of this Poomsae is Yin. Yin, here, represents the end of the beginning, the evil part of all that is good. This being the last of the Poomsae Taegeuk, it represents the end of the circle and the cyclic nature of the Earth.
Koryo is the first degree black belt form.
You will also learn an additional seven forms. Champion 1 - 7.
To test for second degree black belt test you will need to perform color belts 1 - 8, Koryo, and Champion 7.
Keumgang is the second degree black belt form.
Taebeak is the third degree black belt form.